scratch


scratch
1 verb
1 RUB YOU SKIN (I, T) to rub your skin with your nails, especially because it itches (itch1 (1)): Try not to scratch those mosquito bites.
2 MAKE A MARK (T) to rub something sharp or rough against a hard surface so that it makes a thin mark: Mind you don't scratch the table with those scissors!
3 MAKE A CUT (I, T) to make a small cut by pulling something sharp against someone's skin: I scratched my hand on a blackberry bush. | Be careful. That cat scratches.
4 MAKE A NOISE (intransitive always + adv/prep) to make a noise by rubbing something with a sharp or pointed object: The dog kept scratching at the door to be let in.
5 REMOVE STH (transitive always + adv/prep) to remove something from a surface by rubbing it with something sharp: scratch sth off/away etc: I scratched away a little of the paint with my fingernail.
6 STOP PLANNING (T) to stop planning to do something because it is no longer possible or practical: I guess we can scratch that idea.
7 scratch the surface to deal with only a very small part of a subject: In this essay I can only hope to scratch the surface of the topic.
8 scratch your head informal to think hard about a difficult question or problem: The last question really had us scratching our heads.
9 REMOVE FROM RACE (I, T) to remove someone from a race or competition before it begins
10 up to scratch if something is up to scratch it is good enough: Kaari's French isn't up to scratch
11 you scratch my back, I'll scratch yours spoken used to say that you will help someone if they agree to help you
—see also: scrape/scratch a living living 2 (1) scratch sth out phrasal verb (T) to draw a line through a word, in order to remove it: Philippa's name had been scratched out. 2 noun
1 MARK OR CUT (C) a thin mark or cut on the surface of something or on someone's skin: a scratch on the car door
2 from scratch if you do or start something from scratch, you begin it without using anything that existed or was prepared before: It was years since I'd learnt any German, and I really had to start again from scratch.
3 not come/be up to scratch to not be good enough for a particular standard: His schoolwork really hasn't been up to scratch lately.
4 SOUND (C) a sound made by something sharp or rough being rubbed on a hard surface: I could hear the scratch of the dog's claws on the floor.
5 have a scratch to rub part of your body with your nails
6 it's only/just a scratch spoken used to say that you are not seriously hurt or injured
7 without a scratch if you escape from a dangerous situation without a scratch, you are not injured at all
8 MUSIC (U) a type of popular music produced by stopping a record while it is playing and moving it with your hands to make a sound
3 adjective (no comparative)
1 a scratch team, game, side etc is put together in a hurry, using anyone that is available
2 a scratch player in a sport does not have a handicap (=officially arranged disadvantage)

Longman dictionary of contemporary English. 2004.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • scratch — [ skratʃ ] adj. inv. • 1854; mot angl. « rail, ligne de départ » ♦ Anglic. Autom. Temps, classement scratch : meilleur temps ou classement toutes catégories. ● scratch adjectif invariable (anglais scratch, marque) Au golf, se dit d un joueur qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Scratch — may refer to:MusicRecordings* Scratch (album), by Kaela Kimura * Scratch (soundtrack), the soundtrack to the film Scratch * Peter Gabriel (1978 album), a self titled album often referred to as Scratch * Scratch, a song by Morphine on the album… …   Wikipedia

  • Scratch — Scratch, скретч: Скретч  звуковой эффект, получаемый ручным продёргиванием звуковой дорожки грампластинки или магнитной ленты при воспроизведении; также, звуковой эффект при игре на гитаре, получаемый при скольжении по обмотке струн пальцев… …   Википедия

  • scratch — ► VERB 1) make a long mark or wound on (a surface) with something sharp or pointed. 2) rub (a part of one s body) with one s fingernails to relieve itching. 3) (of a bird or mammal) rake the ground with the beak or claws in search of food. 4)… …   English terms dictionary

  • scratch — [skrach] vt. [LME scracchen, prob. altered < scratten, to scratch, based on cracchen < or akin to MDu cratsen, to scratch < IE base * gred > Alb gërüj, (I) scratch] 1. to mark, break, or cut the surface of slightly with something… …   English World dictionary

  • Scratch — Scratch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scratched}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scratching}.] [OE. cracchen (perhaps influenced by OE. scratten to scratch); cf. OHG. chrazz[=o]n, G. kratzen, OD. kratsen, kretsen, D. krassen, Sw. kratsa to scrape, kratta to rake, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — Scratch, n. 1. A break in the surface of a thing made by scratching, or by rubbing with anything pointed or rough; a slight wound, mark, furrow, or incision. [1913 Webster] The coarse file . . . makes deep scratches in the work. Moxon. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — (engl.: Kratzer, Schramme) bezeichnet: Scratchen oder Scratching, das bewegen einer Schallplatte durch einen DJ Scratch (Bahnradsport), eine Disziplin im Bahnradsport Scratch (Programmiersprache), eine visuelle Programmiersprache Scratch building …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • scratch — scratch; scratch·able; scratch·brush·er; scratch·er; scratch·i·ly; scratch·i·ness; scratch·ings; scratch·less; …   English syllables

  • Scratch — Scratch, a. Made, done, or happening by chance; arranged with little or no preparation; determined by circumstances; haphazard; as, a scratch team; a scratch crew for a boat race; a scratch shot in billiards. [Slang] [1913 Webster] {Scratch race} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scratch — [skrætʃ] <Adv.> [engl., zu scratch = hinterste Startlinie bei Handicaprennen] (Golf): ohne Vorgabe: er spielt s. * * * Scratch   [englisch/amerikanisch, skrætʃ; wörtlich »zerkratzen, streichen«], 1) kurzer, sofort abgedämpfter… …   Universal-Lexikon